Kenya Launches GCM implementation Plan for Better Migration Governance.

Above left to right: Ms Sharon (IOM Kenya), EU Delegation Representative, Ms. Pope (DG of IOM),Government of Kenya representative, Ms Evelyn (DG, Migration) and Mr Stephen (UN Coordinator) during the launch

On 13th October 2023, the Government of Kenya renewed its commitment to better migration management by launching its implementation plan for the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM). In doing so, Kenya become the first country in the world to develop a GCM implementation plan using guidance developed by the UN Network on Migration.

Crowning the occasion was the new Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Coordinator of the Network, Ms. Amy Pope, alongside government officials, UN representatives and civil society organizations. CHTEA was also represented at the launch by the CEO.

"If we are truly to confront the challenges of the day and certainly the challenges of tomorrow, it is critical that we bring together well-managed migration policies," said Ms. Pope.

“The Global Compact for Migration gives us a roadmap to make migration work and Kenya is the first country to turn it into a national implementation plan and to do so, working with the UN Network on Migration," said Ms. Pope.

Kenya’s 2023-2027 National GCM Implementation Plan translates commitments into action by highlighting key actions to fast track realizing the GCM in the country. It encompasses five thematic areas: promoting fact-based and data-driven policy and planning; addressing the drivers of migration; facilitating regular migration, decent work, and enhancing the positive development effects of human mobility; addressing irregular migration and, improving the social inclusion and integration of migrants.

"The Government of Kenya is taking bold steps towards a sustainable future, one that embraces the opportunities and challenges of migration," said Ambassador Julius Bitok, Principal Secretary for Immigration and Citizens Services, in a video recorded for the launch.

“The National Implementation Plan reflects Kenya’s commitments to making migration more safe, orderly and regular. One key challenge is the lack of a framework for comprehensive migration governance at the national level. This Plan aims to mainstream migration into national development planning, aligning it with national, regional and global aspirations."

The UN Network on Migration was established to help Member States implement the GCM and promote partnerships towards achieving the Compact’s goals. To this end, the Network developed a six-step guidance to help governments and other stakeholders elaborate their own national strategies.

“This implementation plan is not merely a document; it is a beacon, aiming to maximize the development contributions of and with migrants,” said Dr. Stephen Jackson, UN Resident Coordinator in Kenya.

"It represents a comprehensive approach to migration, encapsulating a wide array of GCM interventions that mirror the diverse nature of Kenya's migration context," he added.

As a GCM Champion country and the first to practically apply the Network’s guidance in preparing a validated National GCM Implementation Plan, Kenya is leading the way in implementing the Compact. This support was made possible with assistance from the Building Migration Partnerships programme, funded by the European Union.

Source: UN Migration Network




Cascading Of The Oversight And Community Feedback Mechanism Trainings At County And Community Levels Report


CHTEA is a member of a technical advisory committee appointed by the minister for Labour to steer a project called, “Fostering Recruitment Agencies’ Ethical Practices and Accountability & Supporting the Government of Kenya to Pilot a Recruitment Oversight Mechanism to prevent trafficking in persons”. This project is funded by IOM and it takes a multi-stakeholder approach that will contribute to the transformation of the recruitment industry in Kenya towards ethical recruitment practices.

The project is expected to support the creation of sustainable business models for recruitment of migrant workers that are consistent with international ethical recruitment standards. It will also address the drivers of human trafficking by enhancing ethical recruitment services on the supply side, while piloting an oversight mechanism with the National Employment Authority (NEA) to monitor and report unscrupulous practices by recruitment agencies.

In order to achieve the purpose of this project, IOM has been running a series of trainings to create awareness at the community level. CHTEA is currently identified as a trainer in this project, (among others organization) to offer skills transfer to a target audience that includes local administration (the chiefs), the Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), the clergy and Community based organizations.  The first such training took place at the Sarova Stanley hotel on April 21st – 22nd 2022

2021 Annual Report


The year 2021 was majorly a turning point for CHTEA work in East Africa especially due to the new trends in Human Trafficking brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic.  Around the globe, the COVID-19 pandemic has created new risks and challenges to victims and survivors of human trafficking. It has also worsened the vulnerabilities of at-risk groups, especially women and children, to trafficking in human beings. CHTEA focused on strengthening the core fabric of developing a clear cross border framework for the regional civil society. This was mainly achieved through increased partnership and networking, more trainings and workshops, alongside documentation and communication.

Counter human trafficking requires a concerted effort involving both government and non-government stakeholders. On the government front, it was possible to stay engaged with inter-governmental regional efforts such as the East African Community (EAC), the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the African Union (AU). At national level, collaboration has been rife with anti-human trafficking secretariats of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. While the actual development and implementation of the various new laws remains at different stages for each country. Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan are still following the pack as they strive to generate appropriate legislation to combat human trafficking; a phenomenon bound to continue getting even more complex, courtesy of the advent of information technology and the effects of Covid-19.

Some of the key highlights for the year:

  • The Karamoja Girls’ Rescue Phase 2:  this was a follow up of a successful rescue operation (by the combined efforts of security agencies from both Kenya and Uganda) which netted 96 Karimojong girls from Uganda. The girls had found their way into Nairobi through an elaborate child trafficking ring of criminals stationed at various locations beginning from Napak district at Karamoja region of Uganda. During the second phase, CHTEA rescued a total of 94 girls (mostly children aged between 8 and 17 years.

The second phase took place between April and June 2021 and it was conducted through a voluntary return process. Those rescued over the 2 months’ period ranged from underage mothers to critically ill girls exhibiting TB conditions and pregnancies, among others. CHTEA provided some temporary shelter spaces at Majengo slums where a total of 125 girls registered. However, the eventual repatriation managed to return a total of 33 victims/survivors and two toddlers. The repatriation and resettlement project was spearheaded by the government of Kenya and the International Organization for Migration who coordinated with counterparts on the Ugandan side. The returnees were given one of the most comprehensive return and reintegration packages.

Victim/Survivor Support Centre (Safe House/Shelter)

Following the successful Karamojong girls’ phase 2 rescue, CHTEA set out a process of obtaining a victim/survivor support center (commonly called Safe house or shelter) which would provide a safe environment for victims’/survivors’ protection and assist in their rehabilitation, return and reintegration. The shelter was inspected by a government multi-agency team consisting the Counter Trafficking in Persons (CTIP) Secretariat and the Directorate of Children’s Services, among others. Once fully operational, it is estimated that the survivors’ support center will be able to host up to approximately 40 persons, with room for expansion if more financial resources become available.

  • Support for Victims of Human Trafficking

During the year, CHTEA material donations worth USD $2000 from the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime (GI-TOC), an INGO based at Geneva, Switzerland and with regional offices in Nairobi. The donation entailed mattresses, bedsheets, assorted food items, utensils and cutlery, among others.

  • Rescues from the Gulf Countries

Throughout the year, CHTEA was actively involved in the return of survivors of human trafficking from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Lebanon and Oman; among other Gulf countries. In two of the instances, a total of five survivors from Saudi Arabia were referred to CHTEA by the Salvation Army Church. The two institutions agreed on a mutual undertaking where the former would meet the survivors at the airport and offer protection and rehabilitation services while the Salvation Army Church compensated all the expenses associated with the services offered. CHTEA organized airport pick-ups and onward services to the survivors until they all got reintegrated to their families.

In one particular case, Alphine (not her real name) was taken to a health facility for medical check-up upon arrival as she exhibited deteriorated health condition requiring surgery. Her treatment has continued well into 2022. She has also been on treatment for severe Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). “I am the luckiest person to have survived the brutality of the beastly acts of a slavery-like culture. Your ability to restore my humane feeling is miraculous” Alphine said while leaving Nairobi to meet her children for the first in late December 2021.

  • Policy Influencing

There has been remarkable progress on the part of inclusion to policy influencing platforms. In July 2021, CHTEA was officially commissioned by the Minister for Labor as part of a technical team to spearhead ethical practices of recruitment agencies in Kenya. In effect, this platform has provided the best opportunity yet, to address the deteriorating labor migration challenges in the Gulf region and the diaspora at large. The technical team is gradually but firmly addressing the endemic weaknesses which have been exploited by recruitment agencies so far to reform the sector.

CHTEA also landed a crucial appointment by the Minister for Public Service and Social Protection to be a member of the Advisory Committee (which is the highest policy organ of the CTIP). The advisory committee’s main mandate is to develop and propose to the line-Minister some key frameworks towards an effective implementation and operationalization of the CTIP ACT.

Programming, Regional Networking and Collaboration

  • The annual conference for the Santa Marta Group (SMG), Africa region was conducted once again through online; owing to the continued effects of Covid-19 in 2021. CHTEA is represented at the SMG-Africa Executive Committee level and the CEO serves as the vice Chair of the Catholic led platform which brings together Catholic Bishops and Police Chiefs to discuss about (various) ways of countering human trafficking practices around the globe. The SMG-A conference received presentations from Kenya, Tanzania Uganda, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Central Africa Republic and Egypt; among others. This was followed by a communique which was released to the media at the UK .
  •  During the year, a number of new connections/relationships were established as we continued to strengthen the older ones. CHTEA applied and joined the National Referral Mechanism (NCM) - a National Multi-Agency Coordination platform, hosted and Chaired by the Director General, Department of Immigration. Through this framework, CHTEA was invited to provide an input on the East African Community perspective on counter human trafficking efforts to a Kenya-Government Multi-Agency team.
  •  Again, during the year, CHTEA was approached and continues to work with a regional security organization called the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC) based at Khartoum, Sudan. CHTEA is working on providing security intelligence information related to organized crime networks (human trafficking and smuggling) in the region.
  • At the beginning of 2021, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) ran a civil society/media training at Kampala, Uganda. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was the lead mobiliser and they in-turn requested CHTEA to provide leadership in the identification of credible institutions to benefit from the opportunity. It was successfully carried out with tremendous success, and the training created a new network of practitioners.
  •   Free the Slaves, a US based INGO convened an online regional conference for Eastern Africa to explore the human trafficking dynamics and provide recommendations on the intervening opportunities for recourse. CHTEA presented a paper on the lessons learnt with respect to victims/survivors of human trafficking.
  • Equality Now, a French based INGO has been running on line and face to face programmes. CHTEA participated and offered resource persons for various sessions during 2021
  •  Within the regional perspective of the CSO network, CHTEA was able to offer a webinar on cross border counter human trafficking (in collaboration with Candle of Hope Foundation, a Muslim NGO working in Kenya and Somaliland)
  • Kantar Public, a global data conglomerate based in the US and with an Africa regional office based in Nairobi, Kenya (works with clients around the world, providing rigorous evidence, insights and advisory services to inspire the next generation of public policy and programs) partnered with CHTEA during a key research project which investigated the experience of Kenyan labor migrants (returnees) from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries (G.C.C.). The project reviewed feedback from Kenyan returnees since 2018. The report will hopefully be released in 2022. The report will be used to inform innovative approaches to help governments and public sector organizations unlock some of the most difficult public policy challenges associated with the human trafficking practices, mobility and migration to build a better, fairer society.
  • On the education front, CHTEA financed the education of over 150 learners from primary, secondary, tertiary colleges and university. Education is one of the most powerful pillars for eradicating poverty which in turn contributes greatly towards human trafficking. By empowering children and youth through an educational program, CHTEA believes that new opportunities for growth and development are availed to this most vulnerable population. Education is not all about white collar jobs but rather, it opens up areas of innovation, jobs’ creation and a fair competition in a liberalized market economy.

Performance in numbers

Table 1: Total number of people reached during workshops in Mukuru Kwa Reuben

Month Male Female Total
January - - -
February 116 142 258
March 186 229 415
April - - -
May - - -
June 141 225 366
July 49 66 115
August 145 189 334
September 336 438 774
October 61 221 282
November 290 461 751
December 83 92 175
TOTAL 1,407 2,063 3,470

Table 2: Total number of people reached during workshops in Mukuru Kwa Njenga

Months No. of Workshops Adults Reached Youth/School Children Total No. of Adults, Youth and Children Reached
January 2021 105 Male               417

Female           933

Male               218

Female           233

February 2021 84 Male               294

Female-          729

Male              108

Female           162

March 2021 95 Male               249

Female           873

Male               135

Female           200

April 2021 96 Male               135

Female           943

Male               129

Female           190

May 2021 97 Male               196

Female        1,165

Male                27

Female             21

June 2021 97 Male               270

Female        1,213

Male                  0

Female               0

July 2021 93 Male               255

Female        1,155

Male                  0

Female               0

August 2021 107 Male               252

Female        1,151

Male               147

Female           180

September 2021 - - - -
October 2021 - - - -
November 2021 90 Male               356

Female           948

Male                 60

Female             76

December 2021 95 Male               455

Female        1,494

Male                 21

Female             19

Total 959 Male           2,879

Female      10,604

Male              845

Female        1,081


Combined summary: No. of people reached

Male                                                                                                                            2,879

Female                                                                                                                        10,604

Sub- Total                                                                                                             13,483

Youth Male                                                                                                                   2,252

Youth Female                                                                                                               3,144

Sub-Total                                                                                                               5,396

Grand Total                                                                                                          18,879

Table 3: Victims’/Survivors’ Report 2021

Adult Children Total number of adults and children
Number of victims identified 129

Male:                20

Female:           109


Male:              1

Female:        53

Number of victims rescued 71

Male:                  0

Female:             71


Male:              1

Female:        53

Number of victims referred to shelter 43

Male:                  0

Female:             43


Male:              1

Female:        53

Number of victims offered medical support 17

Male:                  0

Female:             17


Male:              0

Female:        11

Number of victims rehabilitated 29

Male:                  0

Female:           29


Male:              1

Female:        37

Number of victims repatriated and reintegrated 29

Male:                  0

Female:             29


Male:              0

Female:        35

Number of pre-victims identified 4

Male:                  0

Female:              4


Male:              1

Female:          1

Number of cases referred to the Directorate of Criminal Investigations 0 3

Male:              1

Female:          2

Cross border victims identified 129

Male:                20

Female:          109


Male:              1

Female:        53


Photo Gallery 

UNODC training: CHTEA participated

Online beaming of a conference from Uganda: CHTEA presented a paper on the Ugandan Karimojong child trafficking situation. The conference was organised by the Ecological Christian Organisation (ECO)

Santa Marta Group (SMG)-Africa Conference: CHTEA played a key role in organizing the conference which was beamed from London. Above is the CHTEA team during the online conference (11th and 12th November 2021)

The Annual online conference of the Religious Against Human Trafficking (RAHT). Above team was at the beaming center at the Tangaza University College, Nairobi, Kenya. CHTEA, as a member of RAHT was well represented

Group photo during the training on Child labor, forced labor and human trafficking in Nairobi on CAPSA project by the International Labour Organisation (ILO)



Annual Report: 2020


“Counter Human Trafficking Trust-East Africa” (CHTEA) was registered in 2018 as a vehicle to continue the very successful work on counter human trafficking of an Irish Missionary, Sr Mary O’Malley, MMM based in Nairobi, Kenya. Having arrived in Kenya as a young missionary in 1980, Sr Mary of the congregation of the Medical Missionaries of Mary embarked on different assignments ranging from working for the Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops (KCCB), as a team leader of Natural Family Planning, travelling to do Training and Co-ordination in the dioceses. She later took up Regional leadership of MMM Kenya. It was during this period that Mukuru Community Health Center was established, today it is a key Centre for Awareness on Counter Trafficking in a catchment area of almost one million people. Upon exiting from leadership and a sabbatical, Sr Mary embarked on an uncharted waters of counter human trafficking in 2006. During this period, she co-founded three other Kenyan organizations in the hope that her new ministry would find a posterity vehicle. However, it was not until 2018 that she cofounded CHTEA with three Kenyans. Since then, CHTEA has been on upward growth and development and is poised to become one of the leading institutions on the counter human trafficking sector in the East African region.

So far, CHTEA has a clear Strategic Plan and a strong Board of Trustees with capacity to steer our growth portfolio to attain high standards of both quality and impact in programming. The institution espouses virtues of good governance, transparency, integrity and accountability to both donors, partners and beneficiaries.


 The year 2020 began with a lot of optimism and high expectation based on the mirrored success of 2019. The events preceding 2020 were a strong pillar in defining the new beginnings. Such events included building strengthened partnerships with both government institutions, civil society organizations and networks (both national, regional and international). On many fronts, CHTEA received strong recognition and salutation for providing leadership and participating in many priority areas within the sector.

The most significant defining moment for 2020 was the advent of Covid-19 pandemic. The virus was confirmed to have reached Kenya on 13th March 2020, with the initial cases reported in the capital city Nairobi and in the coastal area Mombasa county. By 23rd July 2020, Kenya confirmed fifteen thousand cases and six thousand recoveries.  On 13th March, Kenya closed all her borders, suspended all forms of travelling and stringent restrictions such as social distancing, limited movement, social gatherings stopped and all schools and colleges were closed, among a raft of other measures.

With such a sudden turn of events, CHTEA quickly organized a meeting of the executive and deliberated on the way forward. One of the outcomes was that, working with government institutions would have to be mandatory since human trafficking was bound to take another form……more online and discrete movement of victims within the country.

In April 2020, CHTEA convened the first civil society sector virtual meeting to discuss the way forward in the context of the changed operating environment as informed by the Covid-19 restrictions. The meeting served as a platform for strategic thinking and focused leadership going forward. The meeting enabled the civil society sector players to prioritize actions and explore options for continued engagement even as the Covid-19 reality was dawning on everybody.

Significant Milestones


  1.  The year began with a major rescue operation of the Ugandan Karamoja girls dubbed phase 1. A total of 96 girls were rescued and repatriated to Uganda in January, 2020. The rescue operation involved civil society organizations from both Kenya and Uganda; while the two governments of Kenya and Uganda were heavily involved too. A major breakthrough to the operation was the arrest of one trafficker who was arraigned in a Kenyan court of law to face justice. The success of the first phase ushered in a Karamoja Girls’ Rescue, Phase 2 in June 2020. CHTEA continues to provide the civil society leadership on this front and coordinates the interface between the Kenyan and Ugandan civil society interventions. To this end, a joint task force was established consisting of representatives from both sides of the border and chaired by CHTEA. Other institutions involved from the Kenyan side include, the Candle of Hope Foundation, East African Child Rights Network and Stop the Traffik Kenya. On the Ugandan side institutions included ‘Make a Child Smile’, ‘Dwelling Places’ and the ‘Uganda Child Rights Network’. The government of Kenya through the Counter Trafficking in Persons (CTIP) Secretariat under the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection provided the overall leadership while the Embassy of Uganda in Nairobi provided counterpart leadership on the Ugandan government side.


  1. The Lebanon evacuation/rescue of trafficked and trapped Kenyans was also a major breakthrough for CHTEA during the reporting period. Having received the first report of a trafficked Kenyan in early June, CHTEA mobilised civil society and religious networks both within and outside of Kenya as well as the government. As this was happening, a huge bomb blast ripped through Beirut, the capital city of Lebanon; further degenerating an already fragile economic situation in Lebanon. Through a coordinated effort with others, mostly outside of Kenya, including Talitha Kum in Rome, CHTEA played a key role in the rescue and repatriation of over 125 Kenyans from Lebanon. It was also possible to screen a majority of the returnees (most confirmed having been trafficked in the guise of good jobs and incomes). They were offered help in the form of psycho-social support mostly to address post-traumatic stress disorders, medical care and over 20 victims have since received start up financial support to begin income generating activities. CHTEA has been offering business advisory services monitoring and evaluation, as well as receiving periodic reports (narrative and pictorial) against each beneficiary. The needs clearly outstretched our available resources but remain hopeful that more donations will be received from well-wishers. Human trafficking cases continued to be received online mainly from Saudi Arabia. Victims ranged from those trafficked for work to others whose promise was to be taken to more lucrative locations such as Dubai, Qatar or Kuwait but ended up in Saudi Arabia. Even with the Covid-19 the Advisory Committee, the Anti Human Trafficking and Child Protection Unit, the Transnational Organized Crime Unit of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; among other government institutions.  During this reporting period, a total of 22 victims and 9 pre-victims were identified and rescued specifically related to Saudi Arabia alone. travel restrictions, CHTEA continued to work closely with the Counter Trafficking in Persons Secretariat,

B) Commemorating 30th July, “World Day of Counter Trafficking in Persons”

The United Nations set aside July 30th as the day to commemorate counter human trafficking or popularly known as the elimination of modern-day slavery around the world. During that day and with tightened restrictions related to Covid-19, CHTEA was able to achieve the following:

  1. Release of a special video documentary clip on the Karamoja Girls’ rescue phase1 via the Kenya Television Network (KTN) and circulated widely.
  2. A live morning TV show on KTN was aired with a panelist from CHTEA
  • A special feature was released by the People Daily newspaper which focused on the impact of Covid-19 to human trafficking.



CHTEA was involved and participated in a number of high-profile conferences and engagements through-out the year. Involvement and participation took different forms ranging from being a coconvener to making presentations.   Among the key conferences was the Santa Marta Group (SMG), a Catholic Church led institution (founded by Pope Francis) which brings together Bishops of the Catholic Church and Police Chiefs’ leadership to discuss matters of human trafficking.

SMG convened one conference in September where CHTEA presented a paper on the impact of Covid-19 on counter human trafficking efforts and in December, SMG-Kenya chapter co-hosted with CHTEA, a high-level conference for Kenya that brought together the government CTiP Secretariat, Judiciary, Directorate of Public Prosecutions and the Directorate of Criminal Investigations), religious institutions and the civil society. Key presenters were from government (Judiciary, Directorate of Public Prosecutions and CTIP Secretariat), the Muslim leadership, the Catholic leadership on SMG and the civil society. The SMG-Kenya conference set the joint agenda for 2021.


During the reporting period, CHTEA was able to successfully carry out the following trainings on counter human trafficking:

  1. On request from the “Association of the Sisterhoods of Kenya” (AOSK), CHTEA delivered a virtual training for 250 participants drawn from all over Kenya and beyond. Sr Mary O’Malley, MMM was the lead trainer, assisted by Mutuku Nguli.
  2. Trained a group of 15 young members of a Community Based Organisation called Streetwise from the Kamukunji location in Nairobi. The group has been monitoring the arrival and distribution of the trafficked Ugandan Karamoja girls in Nairobi among other surveillance actions. The training was done under strict observance of the Covid-19 protocols as prescribed by the Ministry of Health.
  3. Jointly with the congregation of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, CHTEA trained a total of 31 senior staff of the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission and Refugees. The training drew participants from all the 25 Catholic Dioceses in Kenya. The method of training was virtual.
  4. CHTEA delivered a counter human trafficking presentation to a group of 40 diocesan priests who had gathered for their Annual General Meeting under the Commission on InterReligious Dialogue and Ecumenism in Nairobi. The priests were drawn from all over Kenya.
  5. CHTEA was influential in deploying training and community awareness materials in remote areas of Kenya. Two such events were captured through the Yarumal Missionaries at the Diocese of Maralal where grassroots women were sensitized on issues of human trafficking. A counter trafficking “Training Manual” designed by Sr Mary O’Malley, MMM was highly valued and became the main training material for women in these farflung remote villages. This was followed shortly by an expose of a human trafficking corridor from Moyale border in Ethiopia to Nairobi. The second event was the training and awareness activities carried out by a CHTEA trained graduate, Sr Anita of the Daughters of Charity at the West Pokot remote villages of Chepnyal.
  6. CHTEA convened a sizeable cross section of victims from the Middle East upon the request of a research conglomerate called KANTRA. The latter was running a baseline study to prepare for a major research in 2021 to determine the data which explains the reasons for potential practices of enslavement in the Gulf region.

E).Training Plan for 2021

During the same reporting period, CHTEA received requests for three categories of training to be implemented in 2021:

  1. A second level training for the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission Coordinators from across all the 25 Dioceses. The training to include coordinators for refugees and migrants
  2. A senior training for the Judiciary (Judges and Magistrates), the Directorate of Public Prosecutions
  3. Training for members of the Law Society of Kenya
  4. Training for the Loreto Sisters – Kangemi project
  5.   A refresher training for Tanzania – The Platform
  6. Training the Media on the “Do No Harm” Principle reporting
  7. Community training for Hope Worldwide

F).Review of the Counter Trafficking in Persons Act 2010

Kenya has used a 2010 Act of Parliament to deal with crimes related to human trafficking. The legislation has been used and tested for the last ten years. Following a consultative process, the CTIP Secretariat embarked on a review mission to address the gaps exhibited during the ten-year implementation period. CHTEA was contacted on the same and provided written feedback to the Government.

G).CHTEA as part of the Universal Peoples’ Right (UPR) process

The UPR process is a United Nations’ framework through which the Civil Society provides feedback alongside Government in respect of Trafficking in Persons actions in each country. In Kenya, the process is normally conducted consultatively and CHTEA has been acknowledged for her role in engaging with the process and contributing towards the final report for submission in Geneva, Switzerland.

H)The Tanzania Chapter

Since 2018 and following a comprehensive training of the stakeholders at MMM Faraja Centre,

Singida region in Tanzania, CHTEA instituted “Jukwaa la Kupambana na Ulanguzi wa Binadamu” (A Platform for Counter Human Trafficking). The platform brings together representatives from both government (national and local government) and non-governmental organisations including faith-based institutions. The platform’s Secretariat is based at the Faraja Center under the leadership of Sr Catherine O’Grady, MMM. During the reporting period, the platform received an elevated recognition from the government’s anti-trafficking in persons Secretariat in Dodoma; who went further and offered a more comprehensive induction and inclusion to national level engagement. The platform also continued to participate and engage with regional and continental conferences.

I)Partnership and Coordination

During 2020, CHTEA was able to work collaboratively and in partnership with other organizations to fulfil her mandate. In other instances, CHTEA offered overall coordination of specific events and activities. On the government front, CHTEA worked and continues to work very closely with the following institutions:

  1. Government: Counter Trafficking in Persons Secretariat, the Judiciary, the National Police Service including the Directorate of Criminal Investigations under whose portfolio AntiHuman Trafficking and Child Protection Unit and the Transnational Organized Crime Unit fall, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Department of Immigration and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection.
  2. Foreign Governments: Embassy of Uganda in Nairobi, Regionally, CHTEA engaged with East Africa Community and African Union (AU) as well as IOM and UNODC.
  1. Non-Governmental Organizations: CHTEA worked closely with the following institutions:
  • The Santa Marta Group,
  • “Religious Against Human Trafficking” (RAHT)
  • Stop the Traffik Kenya,
  • East Africa Child Rights Network,
  • East African Civil Society Forum,
  • GiZ/BMM
  • The UPR process
  • African Network for the Prevention and Protection Against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN),
  • Candle of Hope Foundation
  • Law Society of Kenya,
  • Freedom Collaborative,
  • Liberty Shared,
  • Oxfam UK,
  • Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops (KCCB)
  • Loreto Sisters,
  • Yarumal Missionaries,
  • MMM Faraja Center in Tanzania,
  • “Dwelling Places” (Uganda),
  • “Make A Child Smile” (Uganda),
  • Uganda Child Rights Network (Uganda),
  • Talitha Kum (Rome),
  • Caritas (Lebanon),
  • Media houses
  • Individual philanthropists among others.
  1. Key Statistics for CHTEA
2018 2019 2020
Workshops 1,600 628 *250
People reached through Awareness Raising 27, 721 17.064 7.250
Total number of staff (Team Trainer and Facilitator) 1 1 1
Community Volunteers 25 45 68
Victims rescued (broken down as below) 30 32 243
Victims Repatriated (mainly children from within Tanzanian and Ugandan border areas 18 15 98
Rescue and repatriation of victims from Saudi Arabia  12 17 16
Large in-flow of Victims from Lebanon due to bombing and other political and economic crises issues which deteriorated badly in 2020. 129

Workshops stopped in March due to Covid-19* 



Mr. F Mutuku Nguli, CEO 

25th January, 2021

Sr. Mary O’ Malley, MMM



Below is a pictorial presentation of some of the memorable moments during 2020 

Above: A group of Samburu women in Maralal undergoing human trafficking sensitisation session using illustrative books from CHTEA

Above Left:         Police Inspector Framwel and Constable Linda during a ToT training by CHTEA at Kangemi

Above Right:      Group photo of the Kangemi ToT.

Above Right:     Front row seated - Sr Laura, fdcc and Head of RAHT (with a vail), Sr Veronica, IBVM (seated at Laura’s left) and Sr Jackline, IBVM and head of project (seated at extreme left)


Nuns Challenged to Take Lead in the Fight Against Human Trafficking

Sr. Laura Pllanes a member of Canossian Daughters of Charity and Sr. Mary O’ Malley a member of the Medical Missionaries of Mary

Sr. Jecinter Antoinette Okoth, FSSA

At a virtual session organize by the Association of Sisterhoods in Kenya (AOSK) under Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), Religious women have been challenged to be at the forefront in fighting human trafficking which has become a menace in the society.

Speaking to over 250 nuns on Saturday, August 8, the Coordinator of Religious Against Human Trafficking (RAHT) in Kenya, a coalition of women and men Religious working together to end human trafficking, Sr. Laura Pllanes reminded the Religious women of their role in fighting human trafficking.

“As Religious, we have the responsibility to address this vice. Human trafficking is real and is happening in our world,” Sr. Pllanes a member of Daughters of Charity congregation, also known as Canossian Sisters, told the nuns and continued, “It doesn’t have to be part of your charism for you to be involved in the fight against human trafficking. You have to realize that if you ignore it, it is sin of omission.”

“Let us see the urgency of awareness campaigns right from our communities,” Sr. Pllanes explained stressing the importance of prevention using an axiom, “an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.”

Talking about challenges facing the Catholic Church in combating human trafficking, the Filipino nun narrated that most Religious have not reached out to remote areas to enlighten the people, and that Catholic media houses are also not aggressive and informative enough about the matter.

Sr. Pllanes appealed to the Religious Congregations to “join missionary work so as to reach remote and vulnerable corners of the earth in enlightening the people about human trafficking.”

She also encouraged “Congregations and dioceses that are in media and communications apostolates to engage in investigating lesser known forms of human trafficking, documenting and broadcasting “real stories and reliable data” which are likely to be more effective for massive awareness.”

“Catholic media should foster partnership with journalists, not-for-profit organizations and Religious institutions so as to engage them in well-designed awareness campaigns on the connection between human trafficking and migrant smuggling,” she continued.

On her part, another facilitator who works with Counter Human Trafficking Trust-East Africa (CHTEA), Sr. Mary O’ Malley, reminded the Religious that “traffickers devise new tricks all the time,” hence the nuns should be alert and well informed to help the victims since “trafficked persons are among the most dehumanized and discarded of all people on planet earth.”

A member of the Medical Missionaries of Mary (MMM), Sr. Malley echoed the Sr. Pllanes words that human trafficking is a modern form of slavery not previously experienced in our world and that “nuns’ need a big dose of courage to move forward because we will be judged if we do nothing.”

She cited various root causes of human trafficking including “environment of corruption and greed, ineffective legal institutions, poverty and the demand for purchased sex,” adding that “With internet and modern communications on our doorstep the recruitment is swift and efficient.”